A Brief Guide About Wheat Production in Pakistan

A nutrient-enhanced wheat variety is gaining popularity in Pakistan thanks to its increased food security, higher incomes, and health benefits.

Pakistani wheat flour, or atta, provides 72% of the caloric energy in the average Pakistani diet. Pakistan depends mainly on this crop for its food, which is better from a nutritional standpoint than most cereals and other foods. Approximately 25 kg of wheat is consumed per capita in our country each year, the highest amount in the world, with our consumption being 124 kg per capita. We can see from the above fact how vital wheat is to our country. Consequently, climate and weather variations directly affect the country’s economy and social balance every year by affecting the total yield of wheat. Rabi crops are grown in winter, including wheat. Wheat is sown in Pakistan between October and December and harvested between March and May. November and December are the sowing months of wheat in Punjab, while April and May are the harvesting months.

Wheat Production in Pakistan

It accounts for about 40 percent of the country’s cultivated land (around nine million hectares) and is one of the most widespread crops in Pakistan during the winter or “Rabi” season. Approximately 10 percent of agriculture’s value-added and 2.1 percent of the GDP were contributed by this crop alone in 2015. Several factors have contributed to the anticipated good harvest, including the timely planting of seeds, increased irrigation water use, improved quality and quantity of inputs, and favorable weather. 

Wheat Consumption

Wheat is Pakistan’s dietary staple. Pakistan has a variety of traditional flatbreads, often prepared in a traditional clay oven called a tandoor. The tandoori style of cooking is common throughout rural and urban Pakistan. Wheat flour currently contributes 72 percent of Pakistan’s daily caloric intake, with per capita wheat consumption of around 124 kg per year, one of the highest in the world. 

The current marketing year’s wheat consumption is forecast to be 24.5 million metric tons, a slight increase from last year. Consumption of dairy, meat, and other higher-value food products increases as incomes rise and the middle class expands. Likely, this shift toward a more balanced diet, in the long run, will limit the pace at which wheat consumption grows due to this change in diet. 

The government has decided to maintain the wheat support price at the current level. While Pakistan’s wheat will continue to be significantly more expensive than in the international market, maintaining the support price at the current level will provide some respite for consumers. 

Pakistan has around 1,000 flour mills that supply 40 percent of its population, with the remaining 40 percent being supplied by on-farm consumption. It is managed to ensure enough wheat is distributed to flour mills throughout the year by disbursing government-owned wheat to them. There are private companies that own and operate Pakistan’s wheat milling industry.

Affluent urban consumers are substituting lower extraction flour for higher whole grain flour and converting traditional flat bread into western loaf bread. In addition to losing favor to commercially milled flour, home-ground flour is also losing popularity. There is also a growing demand for specialized products like cereals that suit the changing lifestyles of urban residents.

Pricing of Wheat 

With a good product price, farmers can invest in inputs to get higher yields and production. The government needs to tackle the situation through different methods to prevent farmers from suffering from low produce prices when harvesting their crops to help them. 

The government buys wheat from farmers at a minimum price of 40 kg per 40 kg of wheat grains in case the market fails to adjust according to those proposed wheat prices in Pakistan. Throughout the year, this wheat purchased by the farmer is then provided to the markets regularly so that the local market forces do not exploit farmers. Farmers still face an embarrassing situation, considering the government’s limited purchasing capacity. 

Water Used for Wheat Irrigation 

It is an agriculture-based country with a variable climate, and almost two-thirds of the regions have arid climates. Arid zones dominate the central and southern parts of Pakistan, while humid zones dominate the northern parts, except for the extreme northern mountains. There is only a narrow belt of humid climate in sub-mountainous areas. Mountainous regions with sub-mountain hills on the northern and northeastern sides of the country experience a temperate climate. At the same time, parts of the south have an arid and semi-arid climate with high temperatures and little precipitation.

To obtain the potential yield of crops, irrigation water must be applied at the right time and in the right quantity (according to the crop requirements). Water logging and salinity problems can be caused by prolonged irrigation, especially at critical growth stages (tillering, booting, flowering). 

The development of wheat crops requires adequate soil moisture at all growth stages. Following the sowing of wheat, farmers should irrigate it between 12 and 18 days later. Salt content should be kept below the root zone by applying water at specific intervals.

Three irrigations are generally sufficient for wheat crops. 

  • Rice-cultivated areas should be irrigated 12-40 days after crop germination, while wheat-cultivated areas should be irrigated 12-18 days after crop germination. 
  • There is a requirement to give a second irrigation 80-90 days after germinating the seeds. 
  • It is necessary to give the third irrigation when the grain is forming. It is usually based on water availability that a fourth irrigation is applied if the weather is dry and hot.

Agricultural Fertilizer 

The continuous rise in population has led to an increase in the demand for food grains. Therefore, conserving and replenishing the land’s fertility is the time needed. A growing population demands fertilizer (organic and inorganic) in sufficient quantities to replenish the fertility of agricultural land to feed the masses. Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potash are the main ingredients needed to boost soil fertility. Various fertilizers are available on the market to fulfill the needs for these ingredients, such as urea, single superphosphate, and diammonium phosphate. 

Governing Measures

The government controls most wheat marketing systems in Pakistan, which is considered a strategic commodity. The federal government sets minimum support prices and issues prices. A government-fixed issue price is set by the government and used to purchase wheat from farmers at the support price and then release it to flour mills at the support price. While the issue price captures a great deal of the cost of buying and storing wheat, there are also implicit costs to consider. There is provincial and district-level control over wheat prices and movement. Procurement and maintenance of grain stocks are the provinces’ responsibilities. Farmers are protected from price fluctuations and are guaranteed a minimum return during cyclical postharvest lows by the system.

Around 60 percent of wheat produced in Pakistan is used for seed and household food consumption. Most farmers’ marketed wheat is bought by the government, with actual volumes of government procurement often reaching 25 to 30 percent of total production, driven both by food security and the need to intervene in the market. The private sector purchases approximately 15 percent of the harvest. The high volume of state wheat procurement in Pakistan is a barrier to private sector trade and investment in the postharvest supply chain, although food security is a significant concern.

Best Wheat Exporter in Pakistan

Grasses, such as wheat, are widely cultivated for their seeds, which are used as staple food worldwide. Many species of wheat belong to the genus Triticum, but the most widely grown is the common wheat. Cereal grains such as wheat are widely consumed around the world. This type of grain is derived from a type of grass (Triticum) grown in countless different varieties worldwide. One of the most common species of wheat is the bread wheat or common wheat. In addition to durum, spelled emmer, einkorn, and Khorasan wheat, other closely related species exist.

In Pakistan, Polson Food is the leading wheat exporter in Pakistan. As a noted provider of high-quality wheat, we are one of the best food exporters in the industry. It is worth mentioning that other products which Polson Food exports are rice, cereal, corn, oil, pulses, fish, frozen food, fresh vegetables and fruits, as well as fresh vegetables and fruits. Depending on our customer’s specifications, we offer different sizes of packets for our products. We carefully process and pack these products to ensure that they are free of impurities and foreign matter.

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Top Rice Exporter of Pakistan

Top Rice Exporter of Pakistan

Most staple diets consumed worldwide are based on rice as a cereal grain. Because maize crops are primarily grown for purposes other than human consumption, rice is the most important grain in terms of human nutrition and caloric intake. Rice provides more than one-fifth of human energy worldwide.

The origin of rice is estimated to have been around 8,200-13,500 years ago in China’s Pearl River Valley region. South and Southeast Asia became popular with rice as it spread from East Asia. When the Europeans colonized the American continent, they introduced rice to Europe through Western Asia.

Since rice cultivation requires a large amount of water, it grows well in humid climates and areas with high rainfall rates. Rice cultivation requires significant labor, so it is commonly planted in areas with low labor costs. The rice seeds were traditionally planted in flooded fields after being planted or while the young plants were being set down. Water damming and channeling are required for this method, but it reduces the growth of weeds and pests that cannot grow underwater.

Rice cultivation has been affected over the years by a variety of factors, including technological, industrial, and environmental ones. According to a study published in 2010, rice yield growth rates have decreased in many parts of Asia since the late 20th century due to increased temperatures and declining solar radiation.

Exports and Production of Rice Around the World

There is no doubt that rice remains a staple food crop consumed worldwide. The number of rice varieties produced in different parts of the world today exceeds 40,000. China, India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, and Vietnam are among the world’s leading producers and exporters of the crop.

There are specific climatic requirements for rice crops’ ideal growth, which can only be met at specific places on earth. In this regard, only a few regions worldwide have topped the global rice production rankings.

China continues to be the world’s top rice producer because of its ideal climatic conditions, rice-growing environment, and agricultural knowledge. According to statistics collected, approximately 197 million tons of rice were produced in China alone in 2009. People throughout China still consume rice as part of their staple diet. Besides being exported out of the country, the commodity is also produced in excessive quantities and can cater to the needs of the international market due to its excellent quality. There is no doubt that Pakistan is one of the world’s leading rice producers.

Innovations in Hybrid Rice Technology

Science is working toward developing more and more rice hybrids using existing species and forms of the crop around the world with better technology and advancements in agricultural development. A rice crop called NERICA, or the New Rice For Africa, was developed to grow in Africa’s harsh and dry conditions.

The concept of genetically modified organisms is also relatively new and is known as GMO. Through GMO technology, rice crops have been induced with the following qualities:

  • Herbicide resistance
  • Pest-resistance
  • Grains of a better size
  • Rice grains with better quality and texture
  • Rice grains with a higher nutritional value
  • Rice with a more flavorful or aromatic taste
  • Human protein production

Polson Food: Top Rice Exporter in Pakistan

Polson Food, one of Pakistan’s best rice dealers and exporters, is a highly experienced and well-known company. Rice is one of the main products that we export. Our goal is to provide the highest quality Basmati rice at an affordable price. With Pakistan Rice Export Company, we pride ourselves on offering affordable Basmati rice of the highest quality. Providing high-quality products at a reasonable price is one of our goals, and we’re proud to be able to meet that goal. 

Basmati rice is one of Pakistan’s foremost exports, and as the top rice exporter in Pakistan, we pride ourselves on our rice’s delicate flavor and fragrant aroma. We’re committed to bringing you the best quality rice, and we’re proud to be one of the largest dealers of this rice. Rice is one of our most famous exports, which we source from the best agricultural farms in Pakistan. We are committed to providing you with quality Pakistani rice at an affordable price because your confidence helps us grow.

As a leading Pakistan food exporter, our company offers the best quality products. Our vast network of wholesale distributors includes distributors in Pakistan and abroad; therefore, we can provide you with the right solution anytime. Our exceptional and reliable service ensures that our customers are satisfied.

As the top food exporter in Pakistan, the company also exports other products such as wheat, corn, cereal, flour, oil, pulses, fish, frozen food, fresh hygienic vegetables, fruit, and many more.


It can be seen from the information provided above that the leading continent involved in the production of high-quality rice is Asia, primarily the South East and Far East Asian regions. 

More than fertile plains and ideal climatic conditions are required for high-quality rice production. Having the right amount of knowledge about the planting of crops, the correct seasons, and the crop requirements is essential for farmers if they can produce rice that can be exported to other countries and support a country’s economy.

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Polson Food: The Top Food Exporter In Pakistan

Polson Food is one of the top food exporter companies in Pakistan. We undoubtedly provide valuable services to our customers and offer our customers high-quality rice, wheat, cereals, corn, flour, oil, pulses, fresh fish, and frozen vegetables. Whether it is helping you find the best quality food products or packaging your food and sending it off, our comprehensive range of services will make it possible for you to face no problems whatsoever whether the food is to be exported to Europe, the Middle East, the Americas, or wherever else, we will ensure that it is done perfectly.

The export of food is one of the key factors contributing to the growth of our country. There is no doubt that the country ranks among the world’s largest producers and suppliers of food and crops. By the List of countries by GDP sector composition, Pakistan ranks 8th globally in farm output. Among multiple exporters, we are the top rice exporter, wheat exporter, and corn exporter in Pakistan. Our company specializes in exporting food products, as well as analysts and researchers who maintain an up-to-date database of global food markets to assist you.

How Is Pakistan’s Market Better Than Others?

  • Agriculture Base

Pakistan is one of the world’s leading exporters of agricultural products, thanks to the fact that over 62 percent of its workforce is engaged in agriculture.

  • Affordable Rates

During the last few decades, Pakistan has produced rice, wheat, corn, and other food products at great affordable rates due to cheaper labor and raw materials.

  • The Best Quality Food Products

It is mandatory for any food product manufactured in Pakistan to undergo a quality assurance test and certification to ensure that it meets the highest quality standards.

  • Technological Advancements And Innovations

There is no doubt that Pakistan is a country blessed with great scientific minds, and its technological advancements have enabled it to trade with other countries efficiently, making it the perfect place for international trade.

What Makes Polson Food The Best Choice?

  • We Provide The Best Quality Food Trading Services

Our stringent policies ensure that food handling and trading adhere to international quality standards.

Compromise is not an option when it comes to food. Because of this, we strive to offer the highest quality services to ensure that your food stays fresh and healthy.

  • Establishing A Global Presence

You shouldn’t worry if you plan to export across multiple continents. We have you covered if you need us. With our global presence, we can export your products to many countries worldwide.

  • Updated Market Information & Market Analysis

Our team of highly qualified analysts and researchers conduct thorough and regular analysis and research to ensure that our database is kept up-to-date with the most current market information available so that we stay on top of every update on the market.

  • Trusted & Reliable Services

Trust is one of the most important pillars of our services. We are committed to providing you with our services transparently and reliably, which reassures you of our reliability.

  • Experience In Food Trading

We have built up a wealth of experience and expertise in the food industry, making us an ideal choice regarding your food trading requirements.

  • Certified Services That Are Trusted & Legally Approved

Our company is a legally recognized food export company in Pakistan; thus, we provide trustworthy and transparent services.

  • Time Commitment & Adhering To Deadlines

The amount of time you spend on food is a significant factor. Polson Food is dedicated to providing quality service to its clients, and we ensure that we always meet all deadlines in getting the job done as scheduled.

  • An Innovative Approach

Our packaging and storage procedures are designed using novel technology to ensure the food is packaged and stored in the best way possible.


Food exports from Pakistan are one of the country’s most important revenue sources. Many kinds of food are exported from Pakistan to the international market every year. Among the numerous food exporters, Polson Food is the top food exporter in Pakistan. 

Pakistani Basmati rice market is known around the world for producing and exporting premium quality and aromatic rice that is grown in Pakistan and we are proud of ourself for being one of the best quality rice exporter in Pakistan. We are committed to ensuring that our services comply with customers demand and international quality standards.

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